Botanical Name: Solanum melongena
Surya:Glossy oval and medium sized fruits, resistant to bacterial wilt
Swetha: White and medium long fruits, resistant to bacterial wilt
Haritha:Light green long and fleshly fruits resistant to bacterial wilt
Neelima:Large oval to round glossy violet fruits resistant to bacterial wilt
Climate & Soil: Warm humid climate. Can be grown in wide range of soils. Prefers highly fertile and well drained soils.
Season: Ideally the seeds are sown in March-April and transplanted in April-May.
Seed rate: 350g/ha
Seeds available with VFPCK: Haritha
Seed Treatment: Thiram 3g/kg.
Raising Nursery: Seeds sown in nursery bed are tranplanted to the main field four weeks after sowing.
Spacing: Adjust the spacing depending up on the variety, soil fertility and season. Transplant less spreading varieties like Swetha and Surya at 60 x 60 cm. For spreading varieties like Haritha and Neelima, provide wider spacing of 75-90 x 60 cm.
Nutrient management : Apply FYM or compost as basal dose @ 20-25t/ha. NPK 75:40:25 kg/ha in split doses.
Crop Management: Keep the field weedfree. Follow timely irrigation and earthing up.
Pest Management :
Yield: 20 - 25 t/ha.
Post Harvesting: The harvesting of fruits can be done at an interval of five days during the morning hours to prevent the weight loss. The fruits are to be handled carefully to avoid damage.Remove fruits affected by phomopsis blight. The fruits are then graded and packed in bamboo baskets or cartons without causing damage. Covering baskets with moistened jute bags will reduce the rate of physiological activities.
Seed Collection: Harvest the fruits at full ripe stage. Crush the fruits. Soak overnight .Rinse thoroughly with water and dry in open sunlight for one hr and then under partial shade.