Botanical Name: Musa spp.
Manjeri Nendran:Early maturing, low height, comparatively high yielding
Kaliyethan:Common variety in Trivandrum district
Nedunendran:Fruits are bigger in size, high yielding
Chengazhikkodan:Fruits are tasty and golden yellow in colour
Attunendran:Suitable for rain fed crop
Mettuppalayam:Tall variety, high yielding, long duration
Mindoli:Late maturing, Fruits are bigger in size.
Zanzibar:Very big fruits, with two – three hands in a bunch, lacks male inflorescence
Big Ebanga:High yielding.Does not have male inflorescene.
Table varieties: Robusta, Palayankodan,, Poovan, Njalipoovan, Kadali, Chenkadali, Dwarf Cavendish, Karpooravally, Poomkalli, Koompillakannan, Chinali, Virupakshi.
Culinary varieties: Monthan, Batheesa, Nendrapadathy
Climate & Soil: Tropical humid climate, Well-drained soils with good fertility
Season: April-May , August-September and October.Adjust the time of planting so as to avoid high temperature and drought at the time of emergence of bunches.
Seed Treatment: Remove the roots and outer skin of the rhizomes. Dip them in a solution of Chlorpyriphos @ 2.5 ml/l for 20mts. Drain the solution. The rhizomes are to be smeared with cowdung solution and ash and dried in the sun for about 3-4 days and stored in shade up to 15 days protecting from rain before planting.
Spacing: Pit size 50 x 50 x 50 cm
Nendran(pure)- 2m X 2m
Poovan, Chenkadali, Palayankodan, Monthan - 2.1 x 2.1 m
Robusta - 2.4 x 1.8 m
Tissue culture banana - 2mX2m
Nutrient management : In order to adjust the acidity in the soil, apply lime at the rate of 500g to 1 kg. Apply Organic manure @10 kg/plant, NPK - 190:115:300g/plant
Tissue culture Nendran banana: Apply Organic manure @20 kg/plantNPK- 300:115:450 g/plant in 6 splits.
Pest Management :
Yield: 20- 35 t/ha